Too soon as it may be to make a remark about the Easternization wave in the current of power in international relations and politics, still the reality of today’s international politics’ development implies that as time goes by, this idea and supposition gain more analytical as well as explanatory grounds with the power poles in the East, in particular Russia and China, enjoy more arena of action in comparison with the past. Despite the fact that this concise writing, does not aim to explicate this process, i.e. the Easternization of the current of power as a ‘strategic opportunity or risk’, the truth is that this shift of power cannot, by any means, be easy and simple and thus it is natural that the volume and the domain of rivalries and conflicts between the poles of power, the US in particular, will increase in the future which, in turn, can cause drastic changes in the ‘geopolitical systems’ as well as various security subcategories. There are succinct implications to some of the forming and dominant waves in the ‘Easternization of the current of power’ here as well.
Decrease of geopolitical and geo-economic common understanding among great powers
It must be stated that the global system, which was dominated by the US for years that could litigate and enforce international regulations which were then executed by other great powers such as Russia and China, has been flawed today, which sees the volume and the domain of the competition among newly-appeared powers rise both in the aspects of geo-economics and geopolitics, compared with the existing order and power of the US. As a result of the arisen structural opportunities in the international system, Russia and China aim to push against the dominance that the US and its allies have in south-east Asia as well as Eastern Europe. In other words, as China and Russia play stronger geopolitical and economic roles, the volume and the domain of the strategic pressures on the traditional behaviors of the US in various regions including Eastern Europe, Eastern Asia and even the Middle East, grow.
China and Russia’s attempt to create new geopolitical arenas
One of the serious trends which is occurring in Eurasia now and seems to gain more grounds in the future is the attempts done by powers like Russia and China to create new geopolitical arenas. As the geopolitical competitions become tighter in China’s eastern security regions particularly the Asia-pacific and the US tries to limit this country there, Chinese elites and decision-makers have turned more and more to other geopolitical areas in the country’s western security regions especially Central Asia. The strategic idea to revive the Silk Road, apart from its significant economic benefits for China, can be the result of such a deduction on the part of Chinese decision-makers to escape from the geopolitical limitations in Eastern Asia and move toward new action regions. In addition to what was afore-stated about China, such an interest can be witnessed in Russia too especially after what it did subsequent to the crisis in Ukraine. In the wake of the crisis of Ukraine and the consequent extensive conflicts with the US, the geopolitical region of Euro-Atlantic was blurred for Russia, which resulted in its trying to create new geopolitical spaces, particularly in Eurasia.
The increase of the re-definition of the relations of regional players with Eastern powers
Another new wave which can lend to the idea and the supposition of ‘Easternization of power’ is the increasing inclination of various US-ally governments and players toward the expansion of ties with the Eastern poles of power that is Russia and China. This trend can be vividly witnessed in the recent years among Middle Eastern states and players in their attempts to have more interaction with these Eastern poles of power.
Re-evaluation of the current of power and the military strategy of the US
The re-evaluation of the current of power and the entrance of the military strategy of the US into the Third Offset, can be yet another sign to conclude that the volume of rivalries and struggles between this country and the other great powers such as China and Russia have grown which has led to the US’ enhancing its military prowess in an attempt to maintain the gap with the other rivals. The considerable improvements achieved in military capabilities by US rivals, have led to US’ re-evaluating its military status in the years 2015 and 2016, potential as well as present, in order to be able to keep the chasm with other poles of power particularly China and Russia. At the time being, it can be asserted that America’s moving toward the Third Offset, apart from being an implication of this country’s strategic need for a military transformation, can be the result of the sense of threat from other poles like China and Russia which are trying to close the existing power gap with the US which can lead to their ability to manipulate the present international order and system.
It needs to be emphasized that a portion of the transfer trend of the power current, especially in the economic arena, has been undertaken by China; however, as it was mentioned at the beginning of this article, it is still too soon to speak about the expansion of this power shift to political areas or the success or failure of the Easternization of power. Apparently, one of the most important challenges on the way of this process is Trump and his motto to revive the power of the United States. The recent struggles between the US on one side and Russia and China on the other, including America’s missile attack on Syria, its navy deployment to the Korean peninsula and even America’s announcement of taking unilateral measures should China refrain from cooperating, are all signs of the escalation of tension and rivalry among the great powers in the near future.