Highlights of this policy paper are as follows:
· Different variables led to crisis between Russia and Georgia before and after August 2008 with major players being international organizations, national governments, and nongovernmental organizations.
· NATO, as the most important security and defense organization in the world, was a major catalyst in that crisis. Eastward expansion of NATO and possible membership of Georgia and Ukraine was a major factor leading to the crisis.
· The United Nations, European Union, Shanghai Cooperation Organization, CIS Organization, GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development, European Council, European Security and Cooperation Organization, and G8 were major international bodies showing remarkable reaction to that crisis.
· As a result of the crisis, Georgia withdrew from Commonwealth of Independent States.
· Efforts made by the European Union and Sarkozy, as its rotational chair, as well as consultations among NATO members, were most effective in settlement and management of the crisis.
· Plans for the establishment of “Caucasus Coalition” and “Pan-European Conference” have been respectively proposed by Turkey and Russia in order to overcome weaknesses in security arrangements of Caucasus.